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Surface Water


The information in this text is a technical summary of the work undertaken in the EU FP6 project AquaTerra (Project 
number GOCE505428), which ran from April 2005 until March 2009. The aim of this technical summary is to provide a
concise account of the range and nature of the work undertaken in the project relating to the subject of SURFACE WATER,
in particular contaminated sediments, diffuse pollution and hydrology. The intention is to make the work of AquaTerra
more accessible to stakeholders for whom the information could be of value. This document should be read with a view
to following up the work it describes in more detail through the specific project deliverables, which if publically
available can be downloaded from the main project website: Alternatively, a catalogue
of relevant scientific publications related to this subject can be viewed at

Click here to download a pdf file of the full technical summary


Surface water is under pressure across most parts of Europe due to a combination of over use and point- and diffuse 
pollution from a variety of anthropogenic sources. In the context of global climatic change, the distribution
of water resources is forecast to change considerably in the next decades. Population and economic pressures are
also influencing the state of surface waters. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) aims to improve and maintain
the quality of surface water (and other water resources) in this context, with good ecological status the goal for
all but the most extremely polluted water bodies. Maintaining good quality surface water is vital from several
perspectives resource. Surface water is used for drinking water, irrigation, hydroelectricity, transport and
industrial processing. From an ecological perspective it is vital for supporting life and provides a habitat for
a wide range of flora and fauna. From an environmental perspective, understanding processes related to contaminant
transport and behaviour, as well as quantification of contamination are important issues.

The work undertaken within AquaTerra in relation to surface water has largely been within the DANUBE, EBRO, ELBE
and MEUSE river basins. This summary provides a brief background on the state of surface water in each basin, before
describing the work in AquaTerra in relation to surface water categorised by surface water quality and hydrological
modelling is followed by a description of AquaTerra work.

Click here to download a pdf file of the full technical summary

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